Sinto Investments is in the process of developing a 300-mile toll road that will run through federal land. Sinto will likely need
|a. a clean air act authorization.
|b. an environmental impact statement.
|c. a national environmental policy act waiver.
|d. a CERCLA certificate.
b. an environmental impact statement
a. Clean Air Act authorization: While obtaining Clean Air Act authorization may be necessary for certain types of projects, it primarily deals with air quality standards and emissions. For a toll road project, the focus is more on broader environmental impacts, including considerations beyond air quality.
b. Environmental impact statement (EIS): When developing a project that involves federal land, especially one as extensive as a 300-mile toll road, an environmental impact statement (EIS) is often required. The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) mandates that federal agencies assess the environmental effects of their proposed actions. An EIS is a comprehensive document that outlines the potential environmental impacts of a project, as well as alternatives and mitigation measures.
c. National Environmental Policy Act waiver: The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is a fundamental environmental law that requires federal agencies to assess the environmental effects of their proposed actions. It does not provide for waivers but rather establishes a process for evaluating and disclosing environmental impacts.
d. CERCLA certificate: The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) is primarily concerned with the cleanup of hazardous waste sites. It typically does not apply directly to the development of infrastructure projects like toll roads.
In summary, when developing a toll road on federal land, Sinto Investments is likely to need an environmental impact statement (option b) to comply with the requirements of NEPA and assess the potential environmental impacts of the project.